The USA: El Dorado for the machine tool industry? According to the US Association for Manufacturing Technology, the level of orders received by the industry in the USA rose by 27 per cent to EUR 3.4 billion in the first three quarters of the year.
In September alone, orders shot up by 50 per cent. After China, the USA is the second-largest machine tool market in the world, accounting for a share of 11 per cent and a volume of roughly EUR 8 billion. Consumption is expected to rise by more than 13 per cent on a dollar basis in 2018. A further 5 per cent increase is forecast for 2019. The US meets around 60 per cent of its demand for machine tools through imports. Accounting for just under one fifth of this, Germany is the second largest supplier. This was reason enough for the VDW (Verein Deutscher Werkzeugmaschinenfabriken – German Machine Tool Builders’ Association) to organise the first ever symposia of German manufacturers for the US market at the beginning of December. “Things are currently going splendidly for our companies in the USA,” says Dr. Wilfried Schäfer, Executive Director of the VDW. “All the fundamentals are pointing upwards, not least because the US government has created an investment-friendly situation by reducing corporate tax and improving depreciation conditions. Our members are doing strong business in their second largest market. The VDW has therefore decided to organise two symposia – one in Detroit and one in Charlotte. Our aim here is to show our American customers just what we have to offer,” Schäfer continues. 22 well-known German suppliers will be present: Alzmetall, Chiron-Werke, Emag Gruppe, Emco Magdeburg, FFG Europe & Americas, Gleason Corporation, Heinrich Georg, Heller, Hermle, Index Werke, Kapp Niles, Niles-Simmons-Hegenscheidt, Open Mind, Peiseler, Profilator, Profiroll Technologies, Samag, Schütte, SW Schwäbische Werkzeugmaschinen, Siemens, Weisser, Zimmer & Kreim. They will present their offerings in the fields of 5-axis technology, complete machining, precision and performance technology, digitalisation, automation and gear technology. By no measure does the USA represent unexplored territory for German manufacturers – indeed it is the second largest export market. Last year, they exported machines to a value of more than EUR 1.2 billion there, mainly machining centres, parts and accessories, lasers, grinding machines and lathes. Exports in the first three quarters of the current year were 6 per cent up on the same period last year. However, the German manufacturers do not serve the market exclusively by exporting from Germany. Almost 50 suppliers have their own subsidiaries in the States, including over 170 local sales, service and/or production companies. “The USA is the third largest production location for our companies – after Switzerland and China. Machines to the value of EUR 325 million were produced locally for the US market in 2017 – in addition to the exports I mentioned before,” explains Schäfer of the VDW. Jürgen Gögelein, Area Sales Manager at Chiron in Tuttlingen, adds: “Our own operations in Detroit and Charlotte put us closer to our US customers in every respect. This has proven extremely successful for us in the areas of sales, service, turnkey engineering and training.” There are also good sales opportunities in the US for German manufacturers because there are hardly any major US suppliers for a wide range of high-tech products. “No US suppliers are offering products in the high-end sector,” confirms Maximilian Waizenegger, Sales Manager at Maschinenfabrik Berthold Hermle, Gosheim.